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ESP8266 Lua/NodeMCU module for SDS011 PM sensors

esp8266-nodemcu-sds011 contains an ESP8266 NodeMCU Lua module (sds011.lua) as well MQTT / HomeAssistant / InfluxDB integration example (init.lua) for SDS011 particulate matter (PM2.5 and PM10) sensors.


sds011.lua has been tested with Lua 5.1 on NodeMCU firmware 3.0.1 (Release 202112300746, integer build). It requires the following modules.

  • struct

Most practical applications (such as the example in init.lua) also need the following modules.

  • gpio
  • mqtt
  • node
  • softuart
  • tmr
  • uart
  • wifi


Connect the SDS011 sensor to your ESP8266/NodeMCU board as follows.

  • SDS011 GND → ESP8266/NodeMCU GND
  • SDS011 5V → 5V input (note that the "5V" pin of NodeMCU or D1 mini dev boards is connected to its USB input via a protective diode, so when powering the board via USB the "5V" output is more like 4.7V. I have not tested whether that is an issue)
  • SDS011 TXD → NodeMCU D1 (ESP8266 GPIO5)
  • SDS011 RXD → NodeMCU D2 (ESP8266 GPIO4)

If you use different pins for TXD and RXD, you need to adjust the softuart.setup call in the examples provided in this repository to reflect those changes. Keep in mind that some ESP8266 pins must have well-defined logic levels at boot time and may therefore be unsuitable for SDS011 connection.


Copy sds011.lua to your NodeMCU board and set it up as follows.

sds011 = require("sds011")
port = softuart.setup(9600, 2, 1)
port:on("data", 10, uart_callback)

function uart_callback(data)
    if sds011.parse_frame(data) then
        if sds011.pm2_5i ~= nil then
            -- pm2_5i/pm10i contain the integer part (i.e., PM2.5 / PM10 value in µg/m³)
            -- pm2_5f/pm10f contain the decimal/fractional part (i.e., PM2.5 / PM10 fraction in .1 µg/m³, range 0 .. 9)


If desired, sds011.lua can be used to configure the SDS011 sensor.


  • port:write(sds011.set_report_mode(active))
    • active == nil: request current mode; do not change it. The mode can be read from sds011.active_mode after a few milliseconds.
    • active == true: periodically report PM2.5 and PM10 values via UART
    • active == false: only report PM2.5 and PM10 values when queried
  • port:write(sds011.set_work_period(period))
    • period == nil: request current work period; do not change it. The work period can be read from sds011.work_period after a few milliseconds.
    • period == 0: continuous operation (about one measurement per second)
    • 0 < period ≤ 30: about one measurement every period minutes; fan turned off in-between
  • port:write(sds011.sleep(sleep))
    • sleep == nil: query current sleep mode; do not change it. The mode can be read from sds011.working after a few milliseconds; do not trust its value before that. Background: SDS011 sensors only respond to a sleep mode query when they are not in sleep mode. To handle this, the driver sets sds011.working = false when running the query, and reverts it to sds011.working = true only if it receives an appropriate response.
    • sleep == true: put sensor into sleep mode. The fan is turned off, no further measurements are performed. In this mode, port:write(sds011.sleep(false)) is the only command accepted by the device.
    • sleep == false: wake up sensor
  • port:write(sds011.query()): Query PM2.5 and PM10 values in passive mode. data is available after a few milliseconds.


  • sds011.active_mode
    • true: the sensor automatically reports readings
    • false: the sensor only reports readings when queried
  • sds011.work_period
    • 0: perform one reading measurement every second
    • otherwise: number of minutes between measurements
  • sds011.working
    • true: the sensor is enabled
    • false: the sensor is in sleep mode
  • sds011.pm2_5i, sds011.pm2_5f, sds011.pm10i, sds011.pm10f: see Usage

Application Example

init.lua is an example application with HomeAssistant integration. To use it, you need to create a config.lua file with WiFI and MQTT settings:

station_cfg.ssid = "..."
station_cfg.pwd = "..."
mqtt_host = "..."

Optionally, it can also publish readings to an InfluxDB. To do so, configure URL and attribute:

influx_url = "..."
influx_attr = "..."

Readings will be stored as sds011,[influx_attr] pm2_5_ugm3=...,pm10_ugm3=...